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CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-53

Annular elastolytic giant cell granuloma: An atypical presentation


1 Department of Dermatology, Sree Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Ernakulam, Kerala, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Tiruvalla, Kerala, India
3 Department of Pathology, Pushpagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Tiruvalla, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vinitha Gopalakrishnan
3/96, Rajeevam, Puthukulangara, Edassery PO, Via Talikkulam, Thrissur - 680 569, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdpdd.ijdpdd_42_17

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Annular elastolytic giant cell granuloma is a rare granulomatous disease with unknown pathogenesis. It clinically presents as single or multiple well-defined erythematous annular arciform serpiginous polycyclic plaque with indurated elevated borders and central atrophy in sun-exposed areas. It is found to have a causal association with conditions such as diabetes mellitus, T-cell leukemia, CD4 lymphoma, cutaneous amyloidosis, squamous cell carcinoma lung, sarcoidosis, and monoclonal gammopathy. On histopathology, characteristic “elastophagocytosis” of dermal elastic fibers by the multinucleated giant cells is seen. The presence of horizontally oriented fragmented elastic fibers is characteristic. There is no necrobiosis or mucin deposition, thus differentiating from granuloma annulare. We herein report a case of elderly male with type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented with asymptomatic multiple discrete erythematous shiny dome-shaped papules over anterior chest, abdomen, and back of 2-month duration. The diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy and thorough workup for associations was done. This case is reported due to the rarity of the disease, the atypical presentation, and the characteristic histopathology which lead to the diagnosis.


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